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Oral history interview with...

21. Oral history interview with John D. Steinbruner 1998

  • Name: Steinbruner, John D., 1941- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Denver, Colorado, Catholic upbringing; Stanford University: B.A. cognitive psychology, 1959-1963; University of Freiburg, Germany: studies in philosophy, 1963-1964; Massachusetts Institute of Techology (MIT): Ph.D. political science, 1964-1968; professor, psychology, MIT, Harvard University, Yale University; associaton with Brookings Institution, 1978: director, Foreign Policy Studies Program, development in Cold War, nuclear weapons studies, funding from Carnegie Corporation; role of private philanthropy in American life; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

22. Oral history interview with John W. Gardner 1998

  • Name: Gardner, John W. (John William), 1912-2002 (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: grandson of Latvian Jewish immigrants; education: undergraduate degree, Indiana University, medical degree, Rockefeller University; Michael Reese Hospital: internship in psychiatry, 1947-1948; Yale University: residency training, psychiatry, 1948-1949; Brooke Army Hospital, 1950-1952; Walter Reed Institute, 1952-1953: research on stress-related disorders, burn victims; Stanford University: fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, genetics research, 1957-1961, chairman, Department of Psychology, 1961-1972: development of Behavior Endocrine Genetic Responses to Stress [BEG], primate research with Jane Goodall, Tanzania; Congo hostage crisis, 1975; president, Institute of Medicine, 1975-1980: interest in children's, adolescent's health; World Health Organization [WHO], 1975-1986; professor, Harvard University, 1980-1982: formation of health policy organizations, Early LIfe Working Group; arms control: Pugwash Conference, 1978, development of crisis prevention, Cold War; Gorbachev: first meeting with, coup against; president, Carnegie Corporation, 1982-1997: formation of Starting Points Initiative, Years of Promise, Great Transitions task forces, establishment of the Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, Council on Adolescent Development [CAD], Inquiry into Poverty in Southern Africa; media representation of childcare issues; Carnegie Final Report, 1998; relationships with presidents from Gerald R. Ford to Bill Clinton; reflections on leadership, role of foundations. Childhood: born Los Angeles, California; undergraduate studies, Stanford University; graduate studies, psychology; professor of psychology, University of California at Berkeley, Mt. Holyoke College, Connecticut College for Women; United States Marine Corps: first lieutenant, executive officer, Office of Strategic Services, 1944-1946; association with Carnegie Corporation, 1946-1965: research in behavioral sciences, international affairs, shifts in Carnegie administration, promotion to vice president, president, philosophy of education, publication of books on subject of American education, formation of Independent Sector, formation of Teachers Insurance Annuity Association; secretary, United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

23. Oral history interview with Joshua Lederberg 1998

  • Name: Lederberg, Joshua (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Carnegie Corporation Board of Trustees: elected December 1984, co-director of Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, Commission members, David A. Hamburg's presidency; report's impact; adviser of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency on Negotiations for Biological Weapons Convention; President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) and recommendations; scientists' political role; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

24. Oral history interview with Joy G. Dryfoos 1998

  • Name: Dryfoos, Joy G (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: Plainfield, New Jersey, family's political involvement; Antioch College: undergraduate degree, Yellow Springs, Ohio, cooperative education; life in Prague, Czechoslovakia; position with Junior Division of United Jewish Appeal; president, Hastings-on-Hudson League of Women Voters; demographics research and family planning interests; Sarah Lawrence College: M.A.; researcher, Planned Parenthood; director, Alan Guttmacher Institute: promoting family planning, sex education, teenage pregnancy awareness and prevention; professor, Columbia University School of Public Health; Rockefeller Foundation grant for school-based clinics research; Carnegie Corporation: research grants, member of Task Force on Youth Development, Development a Strategy for Youth at Risk work; chairperson, Center for Population Options; full-service community schools movement; member of National Academy of Science teen pregnancy panel; Fordham University Center for Schools and Communities fellowship; member of Emerging Coalition for Community; author: Adolescents at Risk, 1991; Full-Service Schools, 1994; Safe Passage, 1998; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

25. Oral history interview with Kenneth Keniston 1999

  • Name: Keniston, Kenneth (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Chicago, Illinois, raised in Chicago, Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Argentina; Harvard College: B.A. in government; Rhodes Scholar; Oxford University: D.Phil. in social studies; introduction to Carnegie: Kerr Commission, differences between Carnegie and Ford; Council on Children: council versus commission, assembling of council, message, Carnegie response, political mood, issues of production; later work: study of engineering students, student internship program in India.
Oral history interview with...

26. Oral history interview with Laughlin McDonald 1999

  • Name: McDonald, Laughlin (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born 1938 Winnsboro, South Carolina, influences of growing up in segregated South; Columbia University: B.A. English, 1960, adjustment to metropolitan New York environment; conscription to U.S. Army: dislike of military experience, racism at Fort Jackson, Mississippi military base; J.D. University of Virginia; American Civil Liberties Union [ACLU] in Atlanta from 1972: Operation Southern Justice: desegregation of prisons, juries, the bar; legal defense of Ku Klux Klan's right to assemble in Saucier, Mississippi; Voting Rights Project: efforts to redistrict southern states, majority bloc voting, Native American voting rights litigation; ACLU's relationship with Carnegie Corporation of New York and other foundations, crucial role of philanthropic support, leadership role of foundations in 1980s: commitment to voting rights, struggle with southern barratry statutes designed to stymie civil rights lawyers, description of typical southern district court judge, negative impact of racial politics on legislative, judicial systems.
Oral history interview with...

27. Oral history interview with Lloyd N. Morrisett 1999

  • Name: Morrisett, Lloyd, 1929- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Education: University of California at Los Angeles, undergraduate studies, psychology; Yale University, Ph.D., psychology; University of California at Berkeley: professor, psychology, 1956-1958; association with Carnegie Corporation, 1959-1969: executive assistant, promotion to vice president; philosophy of communications technology in early childhood education: children's television programming, development of Sesame Street, cooperation with Ford Foundation, Office of Education; president, John and Mary Markle Foundation, 1969; chairman, Children's Television Workshop, 1969-present; role of private philanthropy in American life; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

28. Oral history interview with Margaret E. Mahoney 1998-1999

  • Name: Mahoney, Margaret, 1924- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998-1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Nashville, Tennessee, daughter of scientist and interior designer, early interest in arts and medicine; Vanderbilt University: dual degree, economics and history, 1946: United States Department of State, 1947-1948: typist, cultural and science officer, United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization [UNESCO], principal program officer, International Council of Scientific Unions; Carnegie Corporation, 1953-1967: assistant to corporate secretary, program officer, arts and education, interest in medical education, formation of Clinical Scholars Program; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 1972-1980: development of medical care facilities, training of medical staff; president, Commonwealth Fund, 1980-1994; MEM Associates, 1994-present: president and founder, philosophy of early childhood development; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

29. Oral history interview with Michael H. Levine 1998

  • Name: Levine, Michael H (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Brooklyn, New York, son of social worker, civil rights activist; Cornell University: undergraduate studies, child development, labor relations, 1975-1979; Brandeis University, Heller School of Social Policy: Ph.D., policy analysis, 1979-1983; mayor's office, New York City: research, youth development and services, 1984-1986; New York Urban Coalition: formation of Center for Educational Leadership; association with Carnegie Corporation, 1990: program officer, Education/Healthy Development of Children and Youth, philosophy of early childhood development and education, formation of Task Force on Meeting Needs of Families and Young Children, success of past and present Carnegie task forces; results of Starting Points initiative; interest of governmental and entertainment personalities in early childhood education; appearance of early childhood issues in electronic, print media; formation of early childhood program; role of private philanthropy in American life; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

30. Oral history interview with Patricia L. Rosenfield 1998

  • Name: Rosenfield, Patricia L (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood in New York; father's experience as philanthropist; education: undergraduate at Bryn Mawr College, doctorate at Johns Hopkins University; involvement in student government; advanced studies of epidemiology; employment with New York City Department of Human Resources; doctoral research on development in pre-revolutionary Iran; employment as lecturer in public health at Johns Hopkins University; research on schistosomiasis; employment with World Health Organization in Cameroon; emergence of AIDS epidemic; employment with Carnegie Corporation of New York ; development of public health initiatives at National University of Ghana; Carnegie endowment of Mexican public health programs; frustration with lack of cooperative staff members; personality conflicts with other administrators; racial conflicts within Carnegie administration; need to strengthen collections of African university libraries; implementation of CD-ROM technology at University of Zimbabwe; coordination of Zimbabwean farming communities program; failure of African Academy of Sciences; women's advocacy programs in South Africa; efficacy of Preventing Deadly Conflict Program; interest in economics and land-use planning; results of Afrikaaner poverty study on South African race relations; lack of international credibility associated with being American.
Oral history interview with...

31. Oral history interview with Richard C. Clark 1999

  • Name: Clark, Dick, 1928- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: early life on Iowa farm; education: Upper Iowa University, B.A., history, 1953, M.A., English history, post-graduate studies, Russian history; United States military service: 2nd Armored Division Artillery, 78th Field Artillery, 1950-1952; faculty position, European and Russian history, Upper Iowa University; U.S. Senator from Iowa, 1972-1978: Foreign Relations Committee, Agriculture and Aging Committee, chairman of African Affairs Subcommittee; ambassador-at-large, United States Refugee Program, 1979; Aspen Institute, 1980-present: funding from Carnegie Corporation of New York, formation of Russian studies program, Vietnamese studies program, South African studies program, Children's Policy Forum, participation of Congressmen and scholars in programs; reminiscences of colleagues
Oral history interview with...

32. Oral history interview with Thomas H. Kean 1999

  • Name: Kean, Thomas H (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: David Hamburg's board leadership; use of task forces to organize work; changes of board under different presidents; period on the education task force; involvement of the board in grant-making under Vartan Gregorian's leadership; Hamburg and Gregorian's persuasive personalities; production of the Nation at Risk report; the process of implementing policy recommendations; negative feelings about the board expressed by members; participation in the search committee for Dr. Gregorian; involvement in the Democracy Initiative; consultation with Gregorian's friends and former employees; professional and personal backgrounds of other board members; David Hamburg’s communication with other foundation presidents; philosophy and background of The Carnegie Corporation; contributions made by the corporation.
Oral history interview with...

33. Oral history interview with Warren M. Christopher 1999

  • Name: Christopher, Warren (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: (b. 1925); United States Secretary of State 1993-96; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie] board of directors 1987-90, chairman 1990-92: impressions of Carnegie board, calculated risks of grant-making, involvement in programs for childhood education and preventing deadly conflict, role of president David A. Hamburg; influence of Carnegie Commission reports and activities on policymakers; importance of philanthropic interest in foreign affairs; challenges facing new foundations; evaluation of foundation work; relationship of philanthropy, government and academia; interest in education and public service; personal highlights of association with Carnegie.
Oral history interview with...

34. Oral history interview with William James Perry : 1999

  • Name: Perry, William James, 1927- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Education: Stanford University, B.S., 1949, M.S., 1950, Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D., 1957; Secretary of Defense, 1994-97; army experience in Japan; work in defense electronics; involvement in Cold War missile defense strategy; creation of Cooperative Threat Reduction Program to combat danger of nuclear weapons proliferation; influence of foundation work on government policy; importance of proactive foundations; current work on American security policy regarding Russia and China, combining careers in government, academia, industry.
Oral history interview with...

35. Oral history interview with Yolonda C. Richardson 1999

  • Name: Richardson, Yolonda C (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood in Louisiana; family history; education at Dillard University and Yale Law School; travels in Africa during law school; recruitment by New York law firms; employment at Carnegie Corporation; difficulty adapting to atmosphere of Carnegie office; changes in the foundation's leadership; role of program officers in the corporation; comparison of Carnegie Corporation to other organizations; experiences seeing how other foundations operate budgets at Beijing Conference; involvement in Carnegie initiatives: establishment of gender sector in South Africa, public health initiatives at University of Ghana, Preventing Deadly Conflict initiative; lack of communication with grantees; decision to leave Carnegie Corporation.
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