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1. Oral history interview with William James Perry : 1999

  • Name: Perry, William James, 1927- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Education: Stanford University, B.S., 1949, M.S., 1950, Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D., 1957; Secretary of Defense, 1994-97; army experience in Japan; work in defense electronics; involvement in Cold War missile defense strategy; creation of Cooperative Threat Reduction Program to combat danger of nuclear weapons proliferation; influence of foundation work on government policy; importance of proactive foundations; current work on American security policy regarding Russia and China, combining careers in government, academia, industry.
Oral history interview with...

2. Oral history interview with Gloria Primm Brown 1997

  • Name: Brown, Gloria Primm (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1997
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Background: born October 30, 1941, Williamson, West Virginia; coal mining industry; parents' divorce, move to aunt's house in Washington D.C., aunt's focus on early childhood development; early interest in literature, life in black working/middle class neighborhood, minimum interaction with whites, internal discrimination among African Americans, public school system, segregation and desegregation; involvement in African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church; family history: Southern roots, migration to the North, value of family oral tradition, history of slave grandfather; education: Howard University B.A., Columbia University School of Library Service M.A.; college experiences: SNCC [Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee], Civil Rights Movement, sorority life, community service; career: desegregation in job market, librarian; Washington D.C. Public Library: Children Services Division, implementation of early childhood education programs, neighborhood outreach, involvement in the Poor People's Campaign, move to Los Angeles, move to New York City, father's death; work at Carnegie Corporation of New York: staff, inner workings, job in archives, description of numerous projects, work atmosphere, personal experiences with discrimination, involvement in the creation of Sesame Street; new position as program assistant at-large, early childhood projects: logistics of grantmaking, Council on Children, Federation of Child Care Centers of Alabama (FOCAL), National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC); reproductive issues: teenage pregnancy prevention programs, discussion of Planned Parenthood and other reproductive health programs, focus on male reproductive education, adolescent pregnancy prevention, male sexual responsibility, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, SIECUS (Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) education, teenage metal health issues; black churches: promotion of grantmaking program, major religious groups in African American community, need more church-based youth programs, discussion of church and sexual health issues in black community, Congress of National Black Churches, Project SPIRIT (Strength, Perseverance, Imagination, Responsibility, Integrity and Talent ); importance of Carnegie, focus on international woman's health, vital link to policy makers, experiences of people of color at Carnegie, personal relationship with Alex Haley (Roots), African American community-based grant workshops, colleague reminiscences.
Oral history interview with...

3. Oral history interview with Dee Holder 1998

  • Name: Holder, Idalia (Dee) (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: Born in Barbados, rural setting, influence of British, importance of church, relatives in America, move to Bronx with mother at age 13, adjustment to life in NYC; education: secondary school in Barbados, importance of education to family, entered high school in U.S., commercial diploma, involvement in school activities, Baruch College night school 1964, B.A. Northeastern University; career: NY Life Insurance Company 1964, becoming secretary to manager, racial makeup of staff, encouragement received from first black officer; marriage 1970: move to Boston, work at NY Life Insurance Co. and Harvard Business school; return to New York: interest in Human Resources work, work for Urban Development Corporation 1973; Carnegie Corporation 1974: personal assistant, initial impressions, supportiveness of small work environment; administrative assistant Carnegie Foundation for Advancement of Teaching (CFAT) 1976-1980: description of CFAT responsibilities, travel opportunities; work and health benefits at Carnegie: support for women and families, flexible scheduling, Carnegie policies as model; assumption of new responsibilities; Director of Personnel and Office Manager 1978; growth of Carnegie in late 1980s: increase of funds, change in organizational structure, effect of change in presidents, helpfulness of administrative committee; overall changes and structure 1970s-present: nature of staff environment, salaries and benefits, hiring and firing, turnover of positions, necessary expertise, staff development, diversity of staff; changes under new president; influence of Andrew Carnegie; personal life: daughter, finding current church.
Oral history interview with...

4. Oral history interview with Joshua Lederberg 1998

  • Name: Lederberg, Joshua (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Carnegie Corporation Board of Trustees: elected December 1984, co-director of Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, Commission members, David A. Hamburg's presidency; report's impact; adviser of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency on Negotiations for Biological Weapons Convention; President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) and recommendations; scientists' political role; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

5. Oral history interview with Dorothy W. Knapp 1998

  • Name: Knapp, Dorothy W (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Atlanta, Georgia, daughter of educators; Wellesley College: B.A., political science, 1967; Princeton University: M.A., political science, 1972, doctorate studies; exchange student to Russia, 1969; philosophy of women in job market; research and administrative positions, 1972-1983; International Research and Exchanges Board [IREX] of the American Council of Learned Societies: Director of Public Programs, 1983-1986; association with Carnegie Corporation of New York: assistant to the Corporate Secretary, 1986-1987, Corporate Secretary, 1987-present; structure of corporation: recruiting personnel, presidentially-led Board of Trustees, finances, commissions, introduction of computer systems; Carnegie Corporation history: Andrew Carnegie, Carnegie family, presidential transitions, board governance; involvement in ongoing programs: Education and Economy, Developing Countries, Adolescent Development, Science, Technology and Government, Preventing Deadly Conflict; philosophy of the nature of foundations, public perceptions thereof, grantmaking; effectiveness of the corporation and various comissions; foundations and tax laws; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

6. Oral history interview with Clark Kerr 1998

  • Name: Kerr, Clark, 1911-2003 (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: Reading, PA, farm life, family values and education; B.A. social sciences, Swarthmore College, 1932: student body president, Quaker religion; American Friends Service peace caravaner, California, summer 1932; graduate studies, Stanford University [SU]; Ph.D. economics, University of California, Berkeley [UCB]: unemployment research, labor relations interests; teaching positions SU and University of Washington; director Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley: labor union arbitrator, anti-Communist oath; first UCB chancellor, UCB president: California Master Plan for Higher Education, structuring University of California system, mass universal access to education, campus free speech movement, student protests, dismissal over police involvement; board member, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; director and chairman, Carnegie Corporation Commission on Higher Education: "Quality and Equality" 1968 report, federal government programs for financing higher education, Pell grants and student loan programs, research duties' impact on teaching quality; chairman, Carnegie Corporation Council for Policy Studies in Higher Education: high school Advanced Placement courses; member Rockefeller Foundation Board: Health Manpower Act of 1974; chairman, Work in America; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

7. Oral history interview with John W. Gardner 1998

  • Name: Gardner, John W. (John William), 1912-2002 (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: grandson of Latvian Jewish immigrants; education: undergraduate degree, Indiana University, medical degree, Rockefeller University; Michael Reese Hospital: internship in psychiatry, 1947-1948; Yale University: residency training, psychiatry, 1948-1949; Brooke Army Hospital, 1950-1952; Walter Reed Institute, 1952-1953: research on stress-related disorders, burn victims; Stanford University: fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences, genetics research, 1957-1961, chairman, Department of Psychology, 1961-1972: development of Behavior Endocrine Genetic Responses to Stress [BEG], primate research with Jane Goodall, Tanzania; Congo hostage crisis, 1975; president, Institute of Medicine, 1975-1980: interest in children's, adolescent's health; World Health Organization [WHO], 1975-1986; professor, Harvard University, 1980-1982: formation of health policy organizations, Early LIfe Working Group; arms control: Pugwash Conference, 1978, development of crisis prevention, Cold War; Gorbachev: first meeting with, coup against; president, Carnegie Corporation, 1982-1997: formation of Starting Points Initiative, Years of Promise, Great Transitions task forces, establishment of the Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, Council on Adolescent Development [CAD], Inquiry into Poverty in Southern Africa; media representation of childcare issues; Carnegie Final Report, 1998; relationships with presidents from Gerald R. Ford to Bill Clinton; reflections on leadership, role of foundations. Childhood: born Los Angeles, California; undergraduate studies, Stanford University; graduate studies, psychology; professor of psychology, University of California at Berkeley, Mt. Holyoke College, Connecticut College for Women; United States Marine Corps: first lieutenant, executive officer, Office of Strategic Services, 1944-1946; association with Carnegie Corporation, 1946-1965: research in behavioral sciences, international affairs, shifts in Carnegie administration, promotion to vice president, president, philosophy of education, publication of books on subject of American education, formation of Independent Sector, formation of Teachers Insurance Annuity Association; secretary, United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

8. Oral history interview with Amy A. Gimbel 1998

  • Name: Gimbel, Amy A (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: early education in New Jersey; undergraduate study at Vassar College, Douglas College (Rutgers University); Princeton University: Ph.D. sociology, East Asian Studies, 1968-1979; staff member, Committee on Scholarly Communication with People's Republic of China, 1979; director: Population, Resources, and Environment program, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); director: Sub-Saharan Africa program; participation in Carnegie journal distribution program, AAAS CD-ROM Pilot Project; Arican universities' resource deficiencies; 1998 White House conference on Africa; travel experiences in Asia and Africa; disenchantment with sociology; promotion of scientific development in Africa; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

9. Oral history interview with Joan Ganz Cooney 1998

  • Name: Cooney, Joan Ganz (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Early childhood and education: Phoenix, Arizona; influence of parochial schooling on philanthropic values; Dominican College of San Rafael, University of Arizona at Tucson, degree in early childhood education; desire to work in television, move to New York City: publicity work for soap operas and U.S. Steel Corporation; volunteer for Partisan Review; work for Public Broadcasting Service [PBS] Channel Thirteen: producer of cultural and political debates; work for weekly show Court of Reason; U.S. policy on Cuba, civil rights, communism, education for young children, documentaries, winning Emmy for documentary Poverty, Anti-Poverty and the Poor; funding problems at Channel Thirteen; interest in potential power of educational and public television; research on affective versus cognitive learning styles and impact on creation of television shows for children; colleagueship with Lloyd Morrisett; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie] funding of 1966 three-month study of cognitive development, influence of psychologist Samuel Rabinowitz's research on how infants learn through sight; Children's Television Workshop: Sesame Street proposal, support from government, positive reception from Carnegie and the Ford Foundation, role of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in targeting middle-class and disadvantaged children, efforts to gain nationwide audience; work with Jim Henson with puppets and Joe Raposo with music, status as semi-autonomous arm of National Educational Television; influence of Head Start, work with Educational Testing Service on curriculum; changing standards in television; creation of Non-Broadcast Materials Division for income, end of government monetary support in early eighties, expansion of programs to other countries.
Oral history interview with...

10. Oral history interview with Margaret E. Mahoney 1998-1999

  • Name: Mahoney, Margaret, 1924- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998-1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Nashville, Tennessee, daughter of scientist and interior designer, early interest in arts and medicine; Vanderbilt University: dual degree, economics and history, 1946: United States Department of State, 1947-1948: typist, cultural and science officer, United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization [UNESCO], principal program officer, International Council of Scientific Unions; Carnegie Corporation, 1953-1967: assistant to corporate secretary, program officer, arts and education, interest in medical education, formation of Clinical Scholars Program; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 1972-1980: development of medical care facilities, training of medical staff; president, Commonwealth Fund, 1980-1994; MEM Associates, 1994-present: president and founder, philosophy of early childhood development; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

11. Oral history interview with Anthony W. Jackson 1998

  • Name: Jackson, Anthony (Anthony Wells) (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Early life and education: born Los Angeles, CA 1953, middle-class neighborhood in central L.A., bussed to junior high and high school in West LA, awareness of, but little involvement in, civil rights movement, graduated from University High School 1971, undergraduate at University of California at Berkeley, study abroad at University of Sussex, England, M.A. and Ph.D. Psychology University of Michigan, creation and organization of "Black Families and the Medium of Television" conference; post-college career: work in Congress with Congressman Ted Weiss of New York as recipient of Congressional Science Fellowship from the American Academy for the Advancement of Sciences, staff member for California Congressman George Miller working with Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families; work with Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: staff director of Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, writing of Turning Points report on middle-school education, dissemination and impact of Turning Points, move to program officer for Carnegie grant making program in New York, creation and implementation of Middle Grade School State Policy Initiative, changes to implementation and policy resulting in Turning Points 2000: Educating Adolescents in the 21st Century, other important educational grant activities including monitoring racial and ethnic group issues; post- Carnegie work for Walt Disney Company as director of the Disney Learning Partnership; thoughts about leadership changes at Carnegie.
Oral history interview with...

12. Oral history interview with Joy G. Dryfoos 1998

  • Name: Dryfoos, Joy G (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: Plainfield, New Jersey, family's political involvement; Antioch College: undergraduate degree, Yellow Springs, Ohio, cooperative education; life in Prague, Czechoslovakia; position with Junior Division of United Jewish Appeal; president, Hastings-on-Hudson League of Women Voters; demographics research and family planning interests; Sarah Lawrence College: M.A.; researcher, Planned Parenthood; director, Alan Guttmacher Institute: promoting family planning, sex education, teenage pregnancy awareness and prevention; professor, Columbia University School of Public Health; Rockefeller Foundation grant for school-based clinics research; Carnegie Corporation: research grants, member of Task Force on Youth Development, Development a Strategy for Youth at Risk work; chairperson, Center for Population Options; full-service community schools movement; member of National Academy of Science teen pregnancy panel; Fordham University Center for Schools and Communities fellowship; member of Emerging Coalition for Community; author: Adolescents at Risk, 1991; Full-Service Schools, 1994; Safe Passage, 1998; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

13. Oral history interview with David P. Weikart 1998

  • Name: Weikart, David P (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Youngstown, Ohio, son of social workers; Oberlin College: B.A., psychology, 1949-1953; service in United States Marine Corps, 1953-1955; University of Michigan: Ph.D., education and psychology, 1956-1958; psychologist, chief diagnostician, MIchigan public school system; interest in early childhood education; formation of High/Scope Perry Study: research on education of economically disadvantaged preschool children, funding from Carnegie Corporation; experiments in infant education; changes in grantmaking philosophy; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

14. Oral history interview with Patricia L. Rosenfield 1998

  • Name: Rosenfield, Patricia L (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood in New York; father's experience as philanthropist; education: undergraduate at Bryn Mawr College, doctorate at Johns Hopkins University; involvement in student government; advanced studies of epidemiology; employment with New York City Department of Human Resources; doctoral research on development in pre-revolutionary Iran; employment as lecturer in public health at Johns Hopkins University; research on schistosomiasis; employment with World Health Organization in Cameroon; emergence of AIDS epidemic; employment with Carnegie Corporation of New York ; development of public health initiatives at National University of Ghana; Carnegie endowment of Mexican public health programs; frustration with lack of cooperative staff members; personality conflicts with other administrators; racial conflicts within Carnegie administration; need to strengthen collections of African university libraries; implementation of CD-ROM technology at University of Zimbabwe; coordination of Zimbabwean farming communities program; failure of African Academy of Sciences; women's advocacy programs in South Africa; efficacy of Preventing Deadly Conflict Program; interest in economics and land-use planning; results of Afrikaaner poverty study on South African race relations; lack of international credibility associated with being American.
Oral history interview with...

15. Oral history interview with John D. Steinbruner 1998

  • Name: Steinbruner, John D., 1941- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Denver, Colorado, Catholic upbringing; Stanford University: B.A. cognitive psychology, 1959-1963; University of Freiburg, Germany: studies in philosophy, 1963-1964; Massachusetts Institute of Techology (MIT): Ph.D. political science, 1964-1968; professor, psychology, MIT, Harvard University, Yale University; associaton with Brookings Institution, 1978: director, Foreign Policy Studies Program, development in Cold War, nuclear weapons studies, funding from Carnegie Corporation; role of private philanthropy in American life; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

16. Oral history interview with Michael H. Levine 1998

  • Name: Levine, Michael H (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Brooklyn, New York, son of social worker, civil rights activist; Cornell University: undergraduate studies, child development, labor relations, 1975-1979; Brandeis University, Heller School of Social Policy: Ph.D., policy analysis, 1979-1983; mayor's office, New York City: research, youth development and services, 1984-1986; New York Urban Coalition: formation of Center for Educational Leadership; association with Carnegie Corporation, 1990: program officer, Education/Healthy Development of Children and Youth, philosophy of early childhood development and education, formation of Task Force on Meeting Needs of Families and Young Children, success of past and present Carnegie task forces; results of Starting Points initiative; interest of governmental and entertainment personalities in early childhood education; appearance of early childhood issues in electronic, print media; formation of early childhood program; role of private philanthropy in American life; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

17. Oral history interview with Deana Arsenian 1999

  • Name: Arsenian, Deana, 1958- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Yerevan, Armenia, raised Moscow, Russia; immigration to U.S., 1975; education: Briarcliff College 1976-1977, B.A., political science, Barnard College 1977-1980, School of International Affairs, Columbia University, 1982-1984; Russian Institute/Harriman Institute at Columbia University: cultivating support, excitement of the time, mission; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: development of international division, vision of new president and involvement, training, security studies, criticisms; Carnegie Avoiding Nuclear War Program: president's insistence, nation's difficulties in discussing issue, revitalization of institutions, pursuit of agenda through funding, promotion of U.S.-Soviet relations and understanding; work as program officer: becoming an issues generalist, diplomacy, proposal receptions and decisions, meetings; Brown University: director of Center for Foreign Policy Development, part-time work for Carnegie; return to Carnegie.
Oral history interview with...

18. Oral history interview with Geraldine Mannion 1999

  • Name: Mannion, Geraldine, 1955- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Early life: born Ireland, childhood Bronx, New York; education: Catholic schools, undergraduate and graduate at Fordham University; employment as secretary at Rockefeller Foundation: lack of diversity in foundation leadership, description of duties; employment at Ford Foundation; move to Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]; differences in management styles between foundations; incidence of grant failure at foundations; role of foundation president's personal interests in allocation of funding; importance of risk taking for Carnegie; foundations' reluctance to attract public attention; diversification of legal defense fund sources; development of Avoiding Nuclear War program; reluctance of other Carnegie officials to engage in discretionary grant-making; oversight of Carnegie democracy programs; importance of civic education.
Oral history interview with...

19. Oral history interview with Helene Kaplan 1998-1999

  • Name: Kaplan, Helene, 1933- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998-1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Background: born 1933, Brooklyn, New York, move to Florida as adolescent; education: Barnard College, B.A., importance of women role models, New York University, LLD; career: establishment of corporate law practice, representation of wealthy individuals, foundations and nonprofits; participation in nonprofit activities and boards of trustees: Barnard College, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York Academy of Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: trustee for more than two decades, reminiscences of other board members, chair of search committee for new president, hiring of David A. Hamburg, The Judicial Regulatory Committee, role as first woman to chair major private foundation, Second Inquiry on Poverty and Development in Southern Africa, visit to South Africa in 1984 and Carnegie's continued activities in South Africa; David A. Hamburg's tenure: interests in avoidance of nuclear war, conflict resolution, nexus between education and health, impact on public policy, Council on Adolescent Development; reminiscences of Carnegie presidents Alan Pifer; Vartan Gregorian; Carnegie board interaction with staff, changes in board over the years, commissions, subcommittees; foundations: questions of program evaluation, self-evaluation and accountability, government regulations, relationship with grantees, risk-taking; member of Secretary of State George P. Shultz's Commission on South Africa. There is no digital audio associated with session 3 of the interview, as tapes could not be located at the time of digitization.
Oral history interview with...

20. Oral history interview with Lloyd N. Morrisett 1999

  • Name: Morrisett, Lloyd, 1929- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Education: University of California at Los Angeles, undergraduate studies, psychology; Yale University, Ph.D., psychology; University of California at Berkeley: professor, psychology, 1956-1958; association with Carnegie Corporation, 1959-1969: executive assistant, promotion to vice president; philosophy of communications technology in early childhood education: children's television programming, development of Sesame Street, cooperation with Ford Foundation, Office of Education; president, John and Mary Markle Foundation, 1969; chairman, Children's Television Workshop, 1969-present; role of private philanthropy in American life; reminiscences of colleagues.
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