Group of Eight Fish from the Shurin Tekagami (Illustrated Book of Fishes)

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Group of Eight Fish from the Shurin Tekagami (Illustrated Book of Fishes)

 

 

Name:
Court of: Matsudaira, Yoritaka, Lord of Takamatsu, 1711-1771 (Artist)
Title:
Group of Eight Fish from the Shurin Tekagami (Illustrated Book of Fishes)
Other Titles:
衆鱗手鑑 Shūrin tekagami
Abstract:
Eight labels (from top right to bottom right, top middle to bottom middle, then upper left to lower left) identify each fish as follows: 1. 万貫沙魚 Manganhaze (讃州魚) (Sunrise sculpin; Pseudoblennius cottoides); 2. 沙摺沙魚 Sunadurihaze (Longnose barbel; Hemibarbus longirostris); 3. 藻沙魚 Mohaze (Sunrise sculpin; Pseudoblennius cottoides); 4. 別種沙魚 Besshu haze [top] (species of Gobioidei; n/a); 5. 別種沙魚 Besshu haze [bottom] (Lake Biwa goby; Gymnogobius isaza); 6. 波世゛ Haze (漢名 沙魚) (Yellowfin goby; Acanthogobius flavimanus); 7. 別種沙魚 Besshu haze (Whitegirdled goby; Pterogobius zonoleucus); 8. 別種大灘沙魚 Besshu dainanhaze (Saddled weever; Parapercis sexfasciata). For further clarification, consult the key to the image in the Art Properties curatorial file.
Format:
collages (visual works); watercolors (paintings)
Genre:
Animal art
Place of Origin:
Japan
Date:
ca. 1762
Physical Description:
1 collage ; 13 1/8 x 19 1/16 in. (33.3 x 48.4 cm), with frame: 17 x 61 1/2 in. (43.1 x 156.2 cm)
Note (Period):
Edo period
Note (Medium/support):
Ink and watercolor on paper, cut and applied with paste adhesive to mica paper, with handwritten labels in black ink on paper pasted to mica paper, the paper itself mounted overall to thin board at a later date
Note (Inscriptions/signatures):
Labels written in Japanese and Chinese characters identify each species of fish
Note (Ownership):
Gift of Bashford Dean
Note:
Research suggests that these images come from an illustrated book of fish and aquatic animals (461 species) that was made and compiled by an unknown artist in the court of Yoritaka Matsudaira, the Lord of Takamatsu. Upon a request from the shogunate, the Shūrin Tekagami was compiled and donated to the 10th Shogunate, Ieharu Tokugawa, on January 29 of Hōreki 12 [i.e., February 22, 1762]. According to the curatorial file, Tōkichi Nishikawa (1874-1909), a government biologist in Japan, and Bashford Dean (1867-1928), Professor of Zoology at Columbia, may have worked together around the year 1900 to remove these original watercolors from their binding and frame them for hanging in Columbia's Biology Department. It had been assumed that Nishikawa was the creator of these watercolors until in 2008 Prof. Naohide Isono, Keio University, in cooperation with Dr. Sachie Noguchi, Columbia University Libraries, connected these works to the Shūrin Tekagami. Kazuo Sakamoto, Research Associate at the University Museum, University of Tokyo, provided all the English and scientific names. This work is framed with C00.1649.34 and C00.1649.35.
Library Location:
Art Properties, Columbia University
Browse Location’s Digital Content
Catalog Record:
13753083
Digital Project:
Art Properties -- Columbia’s Art Collection Online
Persistent URL:
https://dx.doi.org/10.7916/d8-b23h-ef27