Document, 1790 April 04

Document, 1790 April 04

 

 

Name:
Jay, John, 1745-1829; United States. Supreme Court. Circuit Court; Grand Juries on the Eastern Circuit
Title:
Document, 1790 April 04
Abstract:
Autograph Draft of Jay's charge to the grand juries on the Eastern Circuit, 4 April -20 May 1790; delivered to juries in New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. America is blessed that she has had the opportunity to set up her own system of government. To deal with national concerns, a national government, and particularly a national judiciary was required. Conflicting interests in the establishment of a national judiciary. Circuit court sits pursuant to the Constitution; its powers are two fold, civil and criminal, and it is in the latter connection that the grand jury is required. "The End of Punishment however, is not to expiate for offenses, but by the Terror of Example to deter Men from the Commission of them." Counsels against cruel and barbarous punishments, as these only increase pity for the offender and make the government appear evil. Exhorts them to do their duty and insure the due administration of the laws. Men's civil liberties are secure only when every man is guaranteed the right to do what is consistent with the public good.
Subjects:
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783; Jay, John, 1745-1829
Format:
correspondence
Date:
1790 April 04
Physical Description:
7
Note (Non date):
The entire content of the original has been digitized.
Library Location:
Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Columbia University
Browse Location’s Digital Content
Digital Project:
Papers of John Jay