Document, 1788 March 05

Title:
Document, 1788 March 05
Library Location:
New-York Historical Society
(Non-Columbia Location)
Name:
Federalist draft, LXIV
Format:
correspondence
Digital Project:
Papers of John Jay
Date:
1788 March 05
Note:
The entire content of the original has been digitized.
Physical Description:
9
Subjects:
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783; Jay, John, 1745-1829
Summary:
Draft in John Jay's hand of Federalist Number 64, originally published on March 5, 1788 in the Independent Journal. It bore the number 63 in the newspaper version, but was renumbered 64 in the first collected edition, published 22 March 1788. Comparison with the published version shows little change in the substance of the argument for the constitutional provisions for senatorial approval of treaties. Changes in organization and wording are substantial. Jay's draft speaks of "the Convention" making certain provisions while the published essay substitutes "the Constitution." Jay's justification of the election of Senators by state legislatures is omitted in the final, published paper. In answering objections to making treaties the supreme law of the land, Jay, in his draft, cites examples of British constitutional law; in his published version, the citations refer to colonial and state practice. Jay's concluding paragraph asking for a fair trial for a constitutional plan with theoretical merits is omitted in the published essay. Also filed with this draft is a letter from John Jay II to George H. Moore of the New-York Historical Society, 11 December, 1863, relating his discovery of the draft of Federalist Number 64 in a bundle of old newspapers.
Identifier:
columbia.jay.10753

Document, 1788 March 05

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