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Oral history interview with...

1. Oral history interview with Adetokunbo O. Lucas 1999

  • Name: Lucas, Adetokunbo O (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood in Nigeria; medical school in the United Kingdom; teaching at University of Ibadan; transfer to World Health Organization (WHO); tropical disease research at WHO; development of onchocerciasis drugs; funding sources for WHO; research trip to USSR; relationship with Carnegie Corporation; leadership within Carnegie Corporation; research on infant mortality in Africa; provision of planning grant to Columbia University; complications encountered during the project; training of obstetricians in Ghana; grant for safe blood transfusion in Uganda; grant for medical library in Zimbabwe; establishment of health minister training program at Harvard University; teaching at Weill Medical School; teaching public health at Harvard University; role of American philanthropy in African development; democratization in South Africa.
Oral history interview with...

2. Oral history interview with Allen Kassof 1999

  • Name: Kassof, Allen (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: New York City, New Jersey; Rutgers University: B.A., sociology, 1948-1952; Harvard University: M.A., Soviet Union studies, Ph.D., sociology, 1952-1957; faculty positions, sociology: Smith College, 1957-1960, Princeton University, 1961-1973; formation of International Research and Exchange Board, 1968: United States/Eastern European, Soviet relations, promotion of scholarship exchange programs, primary funding from Ford Foundation, Carnegie Corporation, changes in secondary funders; differences among private American philanthropies; travel to Eastern Europe, Soviet Union; development of technology in Baltic States; philosophy of reasons for ethnic conflict; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

3. Oral history interview with Amy A. Gimbel 1998

  • Name: Gimbel, Amy A (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: early education in New Jersey; undergraduate study at Vassar College, Douglas College (Rutgers University); Princeton University: Ph.D. sociology, East Asian Studies, 1968-1979; staff member, Committee on Scholarly Communication with People's Republic of China, 1979; director: Population, Resources, and Environment program, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); director: Sub-Saharan Africa program; participation in Carnegie journal distribution program, AAAS CD-ROM Pilot Project; Arican universities' resource deficiencies; 1998 White House conference on Africa; travel experiences in Asia and Africa; disenchantment with sociology; promotion of scientific development in Africa; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

4. Oral history interview with Anthony W. Jackson 1998

  • Name: Jackson, Anthony (Anthony Wells) (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Early life and education: born Los Angeles, CA 1953, middle-class neighborhood in central L.A., bussed to junior high and high school in West LA, awareness of, but little involvement in, civil rights movement, graduated from University High School 1971, undergraduate at University of California at Berkeley, study abroad at University of Sussex, England, M.A. and Ph.D. Psychology University of Michigan, creation and organization of "Black Families and the Medium of Television" conference; post-college career: work in Congress with Congressman Ted Weiss of New York as recipient of Congressional Science Fellowship from the American Academy for the Advancement of Sciences, staff member for California Congressman George Miller working with Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families; work with Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: staff director of Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development, writing of Turning Points report on middle-school education, dissemination and impact of Turning Points, move to program officer for Carnegie grant making program in New York, creation and implementation of Middle Grade School State Policy Initiative, changes to implementation and policy resulting in Turning Points 2000: Educating Adolescents in the 21st Century, other important educational grant activities including monitoring racial and ethnic group issues; post- Carnegie work for Walt Disney Company as director of the Disney Learning Partnership; thoughts about leadership changes at Carnegie.
Oral history interview with...

5. Oral history interview with Antonia Hernández : 1999

  • Name: Hernández, Antonia (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born in rural community, Mexico, moved to East Los Angeles 1956, women role models in family, mother's progressive views; education: public school in Mexico and US, UCLA 1966, involvement in activism, UCLA Graduate School of Education, UCLA Law School 1974; motivation for helping Hispanic community: importance of law as a tool for social change, involvement in civil rights movement, experiences as Hispanic woman; opinions about women's movement; career: work as clerk for Mexican-American Legal Defense Fund (MALDEF), Legal Services Program in East L.A. 1974-1977, head of Legal Services Office; Federal Judiciary Committee Staff Council 1978: initial reluctance to join, move to Washington D.C., new experience in political environment, work for Ted Kennedy campaign; work for MALDEF 1981: history of MALDEF, Voting Rights Act of 1982, immigration issues; move back to L.A.; president of MALDEF 1985-: difficulties encountered, creating strategies for MALDEF, funding sources; Carnegie Corporation funding: working with Carnegie staff, importance of Carnegie funding, gaining inside knowledge of funding organizations; opinions about private philanthropy and organizational funding.
Oral history interview with...

6. Oral history interview with Astrid S. Tuminez 1999

  • Name: Tuminez, Astrid S., 1964- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood in the Philippines; education at Catholic schools; repression under the Marcos regime; undergraduate education at Brigham Young University; graduate education at Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology; study of defense and arms control for dissertation; appointment to administration of Harvard Project on Strengthening Democratic Institutions in Moscow; marriage to husband in Massachusetts; relationship with David Hamburg; conflict prevention in former Soviet states; goals of the Harvard project; familiarity with the Carnegie Corporation; move to Carnegie Corporation; relationship with David Speedie.
Oral history interview with...

7. Oral history interview with Clark Kerr 1998

  • Name: Kerr, Clark, 1911-2003 (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: Reading, PA, farm life, family values and education; B.A. social sciences, Swarthmore College, 1932: student body president, Quaker religion; American Friends Service peace caravaner, California, summer 1932; graduate studies, Stanford University [SU]; Ph.D. economics, University of California, Berkeley [UCB]: unemployment research, labor relations interests; teaching positions SU and University of Washington; director Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley: labor union arbitrator, anti-Communist oath; first UCB chancellor, UCB president: California Master Plan for Higher Education, structuring University of California system, mass universal access to education, campus free speech movement, student protests, dismissal over police involvement; board member, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; director and chairman, Carnegie Corporation Commission on Higher Education: "Quality and Equality" 1968 report, federal government programs for financing higher education, Pell grants and student loan programs, research duties' impact on teaching quality; chairman, Carnegie Corporation Council for Policy Studies in Higher Education: high school Advanced Placement courses; member Rockefeller Foundation Board: Health Manpower Act of 1974; chairman, Work in America; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

8. Oral history interview with Daniel C. Matuszewski 1999

  • Name: Matuszewski, Daniel C (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood in Chicago, Polish family background; education: undergraduate at Loyola University Chicago, graduate at University of Washington and Moscow University; interest in international politics; teaching experience in Soviet studies at Rutgers University; administrative experience with International Research and Exchanges Board; description of academic exchange programs between United States [US] and Soviet Union [USSR] during Gorbachev Administration; role of Carnegie Corporation of New York in funding exchange programs; establishment of and leadership in International Foundation for the Survival and Development of Humanity; difficulties coordinating joint US-USSR programs; role of technological development in fall of USSR; changes in structure of foundations operating in Russian Federation; role of private sector donors in foundation administration
Oral history interview with...

9. Oral history interview with David C. Speedie 1999

  • Name: Speedie, David C., 1946- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Stirling, Scotland; University of Saint Andrews: M.A., English, 1964-1968, B.Phil., English, faculty position, Middle English, Anglo-Saxon studies; Kennedy fellowship, Harvard University, 1971-1972; bicentennial coordinator, United States Embassy, Washington, D.C.; head of Cultural Affairs Council, Philadelphia; W. Alton Jones Foundation: program officer, development of New American Plays, Secure World programs; Carnegie Corporation, 1992-present: program officer, post-Cold War studies, promotion to program chair; philosophy of grantmaking; differences among American, European philanthropies; diversity in foundation staff; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

10. Oral history interview with David P. Weikart 1998

  • Name: Weikart, David P (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Youngstown, Ohio, son of social workers; Oberlin College: B.A., psychology, 1949-1953; service in United States Marine Corps, 1953-1955; University of Michigan: Ph.D., education and psychology, 1956-1958; psychologist, chief diagnostician, MIchigan public school system; interest in early childhood education; formation of High/Scope Perry Study: research on education of economically disadvantaged preschool children, funding from Carnegie Corporation; experiments in infant education; changes in grantmaking philosophy; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

11. Oral history interview with Deana Arsenian 1999

  • Name: Arsenian, Deana, 1958- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Yerevan, Armenia, raised Moscow, Russia; immigration to U.S., 1975; education: Briarcliff College 1976-1977, B.A., political science, Barnard College 1977-1980, School of International Affairs, Columbia University, 1982-1984; Russian Institute/Harriman Institute at Columbia University: cultivating support, excitement of the time, mission; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: development of international division, vision of new president and involvement, training, security studies, criticisms; Carnegie Avoiding Nuclear War Program: president's insistence, nation's difficulties in discussing issue, revitalization of institutions, pursuit of agenda through funding, promotion of U.S.-Soviet relations and understanding; work as program officer: becoming an issues generalist, diplomacy, proposal receptions and decisions, meetings; Brown University: director of Center for Foreign Policy Development, part-time work for Carnegie; return to Carnegie.
Oral history interview with...

12. Oral history interview with Dee Holder 1998

  • Name: Holder, Idalia (Dee) (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: Born in Barbados, rural setting, influence of British, importance of church, relatives in America, move to Bronx with mother at age 13, adjustment to life in NYC; education: secondary school in Barbados, importance of education to family, entered high school in U.S., commercial diploma, involvement in school activities, Baruch College night school 1964, B.A. Northeastern University; career: NY Life Insurance Company 1964, becoming secretary to manager, racial makeup of staff, encouragement received from first black officer; marriage 1970: move to Boston, work at NY Life Insurance Co. and Harvard Business school; return to New York: interest in Human Resources work, work for Urban Development Corporation 1973; Carnegie Corporation 1974: personal assistant, initial impressions, supportiveness of small work environment; administrative assistant Carnegie Foundation for Advancement of Teaching (CFAT) 1976-1980: description of CFAT responsibilities, travel opportunities; work and health benefits at Carnegie: support for women and families, flexible scheduling, Carnegie policies as model; assumption of new responsibilities; Director of Personnel and Office Manager 1978; growth of Carnegie in late 1980s: increase of funds, change in organizational structure, effect of change in presidents, helpfulness of administrative committee; overall changes and structure 1970s-present: nature of staff environment, salaries and benefits, hiring and firing, turnover of positions, necessary expertise, staff development, diversity of staff; changes under new president; influence of Andrew Carnegie; personal life: daughter, finding current church.
Oral history interview with...

13. Oral history interview with Dorothy W. Knapp 1998

  • Name: Knapp, Dorothy W (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood: born Atlanta, Georgia, daughter of educators; Wellesley College: B.A., political science, 1967; Princeton University: M.A., political science, 1972, doctorate studies; exchange student to Russia, 1969; philosophy of women in job market; research and administrative positions, 1972-1983; International Research and Exchanges Board [IREX] of the American Council of Learned Societies: Director of Public Programs, 1983-1986; association with Carnegie Corporation of New York: assistant to the Corporate Secretary, 1986-1987, Corporate Secretary, 1987-present; structure of corporation: recruiting personnel, presidentially-led Board of Trustees, finances, commissions, introduction of computer systems; Carnegie Corporation history: Andrew Carnegie, Carnegie family, presidential transitions, board governance; involvement in ongoing programs: Education and Economy, Developing Countries, Adolescent Development, Science, Technology and Government, Preventing Deadly Conflict; philosophy of the nature of foundations, public perceptions thereof, grantmaking; effectiveness of the corporation and various comissions; foundations and tax laws; reminiscences of colleagues.
Oral history interview with...

14. Oral history interview with Eli N. Evans 1999

  • Name: Evans, Eli N (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Born, Durham, North Carolina; family background: Jewish immigrant grandfather, son of E.J. Evans, mayor of Durham 1950-1963, Zionist upbringing; education: University of North Carolina, B.A., Yale Law School J.D.; early professional experience: speech writer for governor Terry Sanford, the Lyndon B. Johnson campaign 1964, the Barry M. Goldwater campaign; White House staff of resident White House intellectual Eric F. Goldman, rejoined Terry Sanford as staff director of the Future of American States, a Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie] funded enterprise; senior program director of the Carnegie Corporation 1967-1977; president of Charles H. Revson Foundation 1977-2003; author of The Provincials: A Personal History of Jews in the South; discussion of Carnegie presidents Frank Keppel, John Gardner, Alan Pifer, David A. Hamburg; activities at the Carnegie Corporation: funding of projects in favor of the civil rights movement, Children's Television Workshop, Israeli-Palestinian Sesame Street, Children's Defense Fund; reflections on the limits of Carnegie, philosophy of philanthropy, states as engines of experimentation, public library system, art of grant-making, role of venture philanthropists
Oral history interview with...

15. Oral history interview with Geraldine Mannion 1999

  • Name: Mannion, Geraldine, 1955- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Early life: born Ireland, childhood Bronx, New York; education: Catholic schools, undergraduate and graduate at Fordham University; employment as secretary at Rockefeller Foundation: lack of diversity in foundation leadership, description of duties; employment at Ford Foundation; move to Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]; differences in management styles between foundations; incidence of grant failure at foundations; role of foundation president's personal interests in allocation of funding; importance of risk taking for Carnegie; foundations' reluctance to attract public attention; diversification of legal defense fund sources; development of Avoiding Nuclear War program; reluctance of other Carnegie officials to engage in discretionary grant-making; oversight of Carnegie democracy programs; importance of civic education.
Oral history interview with...

16. Oral history interview with Gloria Primm Brown 1997

  • Name: Brown, Gloria Primm (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1997
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Background: born October 30, 1941, Williamson, West Virginia; coal mining industry; parents' divorce, move to aunt's house in Washington D.C., aunt's focus on early childhood development; early interest in literature, life in black working/middle class neighborhood, minimum interaction with whites, internal discrimination among African Americans, public school system, segregation and desegregation; involvement in African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church; family history: Southern roots, migration to the North, value of family oral tradition, history of slave grandfather; education: Howard University B.A., Columbia University School of Library Service M.A.; college experiences: SNCC [Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee], Civil Rights Movement, sorority life, community service; career: desegregation in job market, librarian; Washington D.C. Public Library: Children Services Division, implementation of early childhood education programs, neighborhood outreach, involvement in the Poor People's Campaign, move to Los Angeles, move to New York City, father's death; work at Carnegie Corporation of New York: staff, inner workings, job in archives, description of numerous projects, work atmosphere, personal experiences with discrimination, involvement in the creation of Sesame Street; new position as program assistant at-large, early childhood projects: logistics of grantmaking, Council on Children, Federation of Child Care Centers of Alabama (FOCAL), National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC); reproductive issues: teenage pregnancy prevention programs, discussion of Planned Parenthood and other reproductive health programs, focus on male reproductive education, adolescent pregnancy prevention, male sexual responsibility, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, SIECUS (Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) education, teenage metal health issues; black churches: promotion of grantmaking program, major religious groups in African American community, need more church-based youth programs, discussion of church and sexual health issues in black community, Congress of National Black Churches, Project SPIRIT (Strength, Perseverance, Imagination, Responsibility, Integrity and Talent ); importance of Carnegie, focus on international woman's health, vital link to policy makers, experiences of people of color at Carnegie, personal relationship with Alex Haley (Roots), African American community-based grant workshops, colleague reminiscences.
Oral history interview with...

17. Oral history interview with Helene Kaplan 1998-1999

  • Name: Kaplan, Helene, 1933- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998-1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Background: born 1933, Brooklyn, New York, move to Florida as adolescent; education: Barnard College, B.A., importance of women role models, New York University, LLD; career: establishment of corporate law practice, representation of wealthy individuals, foundations and nonprofits; participation in nonprofit activities and boards of trustees: Barnard College, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York Academy of Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: trustee for more than two decades, reminiscences of other board members, chair of search committee for new president, hiring of David A. Hamburg, The Judicial Regulatory Committee, role as first woman to chair major private foundation, Second Inquiry on Poverty and Development in Southern Africa, visit to South Africa in 1984 and Carnegie's continued activities in South Africa; David A. Hamburg's tenure: interests in avoidance of nuclear war, conflict resolution, nexus between education and health, impact on public policy, Council on Adolescent Development; reminiscences of Carnegie presidents Alan Pifer; Vartan Gregorian; Carnegie board interaction with staff, changes in board over the years, commissions, subcommittees; foundations: questions of program evaluation, self-evaluation and accountability, government regulations, relationship with grantees, risk-taking; member of Secretary of State George P. Shultz's Commission on South Africa. There is no digital audio associated with session 3 of the interview, as tapes could not be located at the time of digitization.
Oral history interview with...

18. Oral history interview with James E. Carter 1999

  • Name: Carter, Jimmy, 1924- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Origin and evolution of the Carter Center [the Center]; efforts and goals in the United States and abroad: conflict prevention and conflict resolution, democratization, human rights, election monitoring, work in developing nations: agriculture, healthcare, not duplicating work of other organizations, Center's relationship with Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie]: Carnegie's continued financial support and advice on organizational structure and budgeting, help from David Hamburg, Carnegie name as impetus for other donors; combined efforts between Carnegie and the Center: assisting Carnegie with various studies, analysis of foreign aid efforts and American grants, providing information from the Center's practical experience and observations, Global Development Initiative and test case in Guyana, the Atlanta Project and additional support from major corporations, promotion of concept of mental health, conflict analysis; crucial role of American philanthropy.
Oral history interview with...

19. Oral history interview with Joan Ganz Cooney 1998

  • Name: Cooney, Joan Ganz (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1998
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Early childhood and education: Phoenix, Arizona; influence of parochial schooling on philanthropic values; Dominican College of San Rafael, University of Arizona at Tucson, degree in early childhood education; desire to work in television, move to New York City: publicity work for soap operas and U.S. Steel Corporation; volunteer for Partisan Review; work for Public Broadcasting Service [PBS] Channel Thirteen: producer of cultural and political debates; work for weekly show Court of Reason; U.S. policy on Cuba, civil rights, communism, education for young children, documentaries, winning Emmy for documentary Poverty, Anti-Poverty and the Poor; funding problems at Channel Thirteen; interest in potential power of educational and public television; research on affective versus cognitive learning styles and impact on creation of television shows for children; colleagueship with Lloyd Morrisett; Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie] funding of 1966 three-month study of cognitive development, influence of psychologist Samuel Rabinowitz's research on how infants learn through sight; Children's Television Workshop: Sesame Street proposal, support from government, positive reception from Carnegie and the Ford Foundation, role of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in targeting middle-class and disadvantaged children, efforts to gain nationwide audience; work with Jim Henson with puppets and Joe Raposo with music, status as semi-autonomous arm of National Educational Television; influence of Head Start, work with Educational Testing Service on curriculum; changing standards in television; creation of Non-Broadcast Materials Division for income, end of government monetary support in early eighties, expansion of programs to other countries.
Oral history interview with...

20. Oral history interview with John C. Taylor 1999

  • Name: Taylor, John C., 1929- (Interviewee)
  • Format: oral histories
  • Date: 1999
  • Collection Name: Carnegie Corporation project. Part 2
  • Abstract: Childhood Easton, Pennsylvania; education: B.A. Princeton University, J.D. Yale University Law School; commissioned to Judge Advocate General during Korean War, witnessing of martial law; job at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison: hiring of female, minority lawyers, work in litigation, entertainment law and corporate law practice; work for Legal Defense Fund giving legal advice to black entrepreneurs in 1950s; commitment to improving education: involvement in American Field Service, international student exchange network, as trustee, director, and chairman of board; 1976 election to Carnegie Corporation of New York [Carnegie] board and Finance and Administration Committee: modernization of investment policies; reflections on presidency of Alan Pifer: ideas on civil rights, innovation, belief in funding small organizations; relation of civil rights-oriented legal reform to Carnegie charter; 1979 attempt to establish South Africa equivalent of Legal Defense Fund: 1984 Second Carnegie Inquiry into Poverty and Development in Southern Africa, tour of homelands, import of Carnegie's support of democratic change in South Africa; role as Chair of Carnegie Board of Trustees; importance of funding early education programs; thoughts on American philanthropy: the need for more action, application of research.
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